September 11, 2020

Israel and the United States: Can the Special Relationship Survive the New Strategic Environment?

    ISRAEL AND THE UNITED STATES: CAN THE SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP SURVIVE THE NEW STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT?* By Gerald M. Steinberg Editor's Summary: After surveying the history of the U.S.-Israel strategic relationship, the author discusses in great detail current cooperation regarding threats from weapons of mass destruction, especially in reference to Iran and Iraq. The article includes an examination of Israeli nuclear policy and the U.S. view, as well as Israeli perceptions on the … [Read more...]

The United States and the Gulf States: Alliance in Need

    THE UNITED STATES AND THE GULF STATES: ALLIANCE IN NEED* By Joseph Kostiner Editor's Summary: While the Gulf Arab monarchies view U.S. protection as an important element in their security, they traditionally wanted to keep the American role 'over the horizon.' During periods of crisis, they have shown an increasing willingness to bring in direct U.S. intervention. But now they are returning to a more balanced view of how best to defend themselves.  The complexity of the … [Read more...]

U.S. Military Capabilities in the Post Cold-War Era: Impications for Middle East Allies

    U.S. MILITARY CAPABILITIES IN THE POST COLD-WAR ERA: IMPLICATIONS FOR MIDDLE EAST ALLIES* By Michael Eisenstadt The relationships between the United States and its allies in the Middle East are, for the most part, founded on national security considerations. As a result, trends that might affect the readiness and capabilities of the U.S. armed forces or Washington's ability to use force effectively have potentially far-reaching implications for America's allies in the region. … [Read more...]

Turkey’s Energy Politics in the Post-Cold War Era

    TURKEY'S ENERGY POLITICS IN THE POST-COLD WAR ERA By Brent Sasley This article's purpose is to highlight why Turkey's energy needs are becoming such an important aspect of its foreign policy, how this is leading to friction with allies or neighbors, and the manner in which Turkey is handling these problems. Turkey is at the crossroads of several volatile, strategically and economically important regions, including the awkward triangle of the Middle East, Central Asia, and … [Read more...]

Turkey and the United States: Ambivalent Allies

    TURKEY AND THE UNITED STATES: AMBIVALENT ALLIES* By Kemal Kirisci Since so much of the U.S.-Turkish relationship was based on the situation of the Cold War years, their partnership has undergone important changes in the new era. By focussing on different issues and emphases, however, their association has adjusted quite well, despite continuing divergences on several issues. Given the enormous strategic significance of the region surrounding Turkey in the post-Cold War era, … [Read more...]

Israel Strategy

    ISRAEL STRATEGY By Efraim Inbar The Middle East, in contrast to other world regions where the USSR's demise drastically improved the international situation, remains a 'zone of turmoil' characterized by continuous security challenges. (1) In the Middle East the use of force is still widely considered a policy option, and even receives popular support as such. Thus, while the Arab-Israeli peace process clearly indicates that Arab enmity toward the Jewish state is weakening, it … [Read more...]

Domestic Challenges and Egypt’s U.S. Policy

     DOMESTIC CHALLENGES AND EGYPT'S U.S. POLICY* By Yoram Meital When high-ranking U.S. and Egyptian delegations met in Washington in July 1998 to hold their annual strategic dialogue meeting, Rajeb al-Ban'a, a veteran Egyptian journalist, called the session, 'A dialogue between the great power of the world and the [great] power of the Middle East and Africa region and Egypt makes this claim with her back straight and her head held high.' (1) Egypt has sought to approach … [Read more...]