August 10, 2020

Hamas’ Terrorism Strategy: Operational Limitations and Political Constraints

  Volume 4, No. 1- March 2000 HAMAS' TERRORISM STRATEGY: OPERATIONAL LIMITATIONS AND POLITICAL CONSTRAINTS  By Ely Karmon Abstract: From 1996 to 1999, Hamas used suicide bombings and then relative restraint in order to derail the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. In recent years, although Hamas has desired to perpetrate more terrorist attacks, its capabilities have been limited by stepped up security operations and coordination by Israel and the Palestinian Authority. What … [Read more...]

Trade Potential in the Middle East: Some Optimistic Findings

    Volume 4, No. 1- March 2000 TRADE POTENTIAL IN THE MIDDLE EAST: SOME OPTIMISTIC FINDINGS By Paul Rivlin Abstract: There has been much speculation about the economic opportunities that would be available in the Middle East after a resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict. This article measures potential trade and defines the main sectors for commercial interchange. It finds that even though the potential is limited, it may be more extensive than previously estimated. The … [Read more...]

Strategic Choices in the Mediterranean: Europe, The Mediterranean, and the Middle East

  Volume 4, No. 1- March 2000 EUROPE, THE MEDITERRANEAN, AND THE MIDDLE EAST  By Kenneth B. Moss Abstract: U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East can be seen as part of a broader strategy in the Mediterranean region. The article discusses the relationship between U.S. decisionmaking in this theater and the inter-relationship between Middle Eastern issues and those in neighboring areas. Of particular interest is the degree of coordination or leadership that exists in relations … [Read more...]

Israeli Palestinians and the Palestinian Authority

  Volume 4, No. 1 - March 2000 ISRAELI PALESTINIANS AND THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY (1)    By Muhammad H. Amara Abstract: This article discusses the economic, social, and mainly political relationship between Palestinian citizens of Israel and Palestinians living under the Palestinian Authority. Whereas once the PLO regarded Palestinians in Israel with apathy and even disrespect, close--though informal--relations have developed between Palestinian leaderships on … [Read more...]

Contradictions in U.S. Policy on Iraq and Its Consequences

  Volume 4, No. 1- March 2000 CONTRADICTIONS IN U.S. POLICY ON IRAQ AND ITS CONSEQUENCES  By Amin Tarzi Abstract: U.S. policy toward Iraq is both confusing, and confused. From his secure perch in Baghdad, Saddam Husayn is winning the propaganda war against the United States as Western allies withdraw their support for unremitting bombings and sanctions. With no way of monitoring Iraq�s development of weapons of mass destruction, Washington needs to take … [Read more...]

Why Arabs Lose Wars

  Volume 4, No. 1- March 2000 Why Arabs Lose Wars  By Norville de Atkine Abstract: The author argues that the reasons for Arab armies' perpetual ineffectiveness are rooted in Arab culture. Social factors that prohibit success include: secrecy and paranoia, pride, class structure, a lack of coordination on all levels, and little individual freedom or initiative. Arabic-speaking armies have been generally ineffective in the modern era. Egyptian regular forces did poorly … [Read more...]

Iran’s 2000 Elections

  Volume 4, No. 1- March 2000 IRAN'S 2000 ELECTIONS By A. W. Samii Editor's Summary: The February 2000 Iranian parliamentary elections marked a major turning point in the battle between reformist and conservative elements in the Islamic republic. This article analyzes the existing political situation, the campaign, and the election itself, explaining the forces and factors involved, including the reason for theoverwhelming victory for those supporting President Muhammad … [Read more...]