August 10, 2020

An Exchange on Israel’s Security Doctrine

  Editor's Note: In the Middle East Review of International Affairs (MERIA) Journal, Vol. 5, No. 3 (September 2001) appeared David Rodman's article, "Israel's National Security Doctrine: An Introductory Overview." <http://www.biu.ac.il/SOC/besa/meria/journal/2001/issue3/jv5n3a6.html> In this exchange, Stuart Cohen raises additional issues on this subject and the author, David Rodman, responds. DAVID RODMAN�S "ISRAEL�S NATIONAL … [Read more...]

Promise and Failure: Environmental NGOs and Palestinian-Israeli Cooperation

  In the early days of the Oslo peace process, numerous activists in the peace and environmental camps in Israel and the Palestinian Authority called for the creation of joint non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to confront the regionĂ?ÂŻĂ?ÂżĂ?½s environmental ills. Such groups are often the largest, best-funded environmental organizations in the Palestinian Authority. Yet they have faced serious challenges of legitimacy, even prior to the current intifada, and have been largely unable … [Read more...]

Sanctions on Iraq: A Valid Anti-American Grievance?

 In the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks, many academics and policymakers cite America�s support for United Nations sanctions on Iraq, and the oft-reported figure of one million resulting deaths, as a legitimate grievance against Washington�s foreign policy. However, the facts upon which these critics make their case do not hold up under close scrutiny. Not only does the one million dead figure and other statistics originate with Iraqi … [Read more...]

Middle-East Connected Anti-American Terror Attacks

  Notice: (+) indicates that Americans were killed or wounded in the described attack, though the intended aim most likely was not specifically to harm Americans.   1970:   +February 23, 1970--Halhoul, West Bank Barbara Ertle of Granville, Michigan was killed during a PLO shooting attack on a busload of pilgrims in Halhoul, a village near Hebron.  Two other Americans were wounded in the attack. March 28-29, 1970--Beirut, Lebanon The Popular Front for the Liberation of … [Read more...]

The Shot Seen Around the World:The Middle East Reacts to September 11th

 This article examines official and popular reactions in the Arab world, Iran and Pakistan to the September 11, 2020 attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) and the Pentagon. The article discerns several trends throughout the region, ranging from exuberant support to outright condemnation; from saying that the United States deserved these attacks for its errant foreign policies (especially in the region), to claiming that Israel had actually perpetrated the attack. In what typifies a world … [Read more...]

Usama bin Ladin and al-Qa’ida: Origins and Doctrines

 Abstract: The September 11, 2001, attack on the United States made Usama bin Ladin and his al-Qa�ida group the center of a major global crisis. This research essay examines the evolution of al-Qa�ida�s doctrine as well as bin Ladin�s origins and experience. It discusses the development of this group�s ideology and strategy, showing how it switched from an emphasis on promoting … [Read more...]

The Islamic Fundamentalist View of Life as a Perennial Battle

This article analyzes how radical Islamist movements have altered traditional Islamic concepts to justify their worldview. Based on the writings of prominent radical Islamist leaders across a wide spectrum, it analyzes the ideas of a cosmic struggle between good and evil as reflected in the individual and in society. It traces the reinterpretation of traditional Islamic concepts such as jahiliyya, takfir, hijra, mufassala, jihad and istishad to justify indiscriminate violence. Bin-Laden and his … [Read more...]

The Truth About U.S. Middle East Policy

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 Editor's Note: In the aftermath of the September 11, 2020 attacks on America, there was much discussion about whether U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East. This policy was widely attacked throughout the region on many grounds. In the United States, too, there were those who attributed the attack to deficiencies in U.S. policy. This article suggests that the record of the United States in the Middle East has been badly distorted in the verbal attacks that followed the terror attacks. In … [Read more...]

VOL. 5 No. 4 - December 2001

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  VOL. 5 No. 4 - December 2001 Editor and Publisher: Professor Barry RubinAssistant Editors: Cameron Brown, Elisheva Rosman-Stollman, Joy Pincus MERIA Journal Previous Issues   TABLE OF CONTENTS   Get the Acrobat Format of MERIA Cover Page Post Author Title (regular version) Adobe Acrobat Version Special Section: September 11, Background and Consequences for the Middle East   1 Barry Rubin The Truth About U.S. Middle East … [Read more...]