August 10, 2020

The 1991 Gulf War and Jordan’s Economy

  Volume 6, No. 2 - June 2002 THE 1991 GULF WAR AND JORDAN'S ECONOMY By Ziad Swaidan and Mihai Nica This article examines the 1990-1991 Kuwait crisis's damaging effect on Jordan's economy. Trade with Iraq was an important aspect of Jordan's economy and transshipment from Jordan's port of Aqaba to Iraq had been especially profitable for Amman. This enterprise was stopped by the war and then by the sanctions on Iraq. Other key elements for Jordan, such as Iraq's sale of … [Read more...]

The Triumph of the “Old Middle East”

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For many years, and especially in the 1990s, problems and rethinking in the Arab world built toward the possibility of a new era involving domestic reforms and international peace. Around the year 2000, however, this era came to an abrupt halt for multiple reasons. This article tries to understand long-term trends in the region. It is an extract from the author's The Tragedy of the Middle East, being published in August by Cambridge University Press. The Tragedy of the Middle East is now … [Read more...]

The Bush Doctrine: Selective Engagement in the Middle East

  Volume 6, No. 2 - June 2002 THE BUSH DOCTRINE: SELECTIVE ENGAGEMENT IN THE MIDDLE EAST By Kenneth W. Stein This article?s thesis is that the Bush Doctrine is part of a broader bipartisan American foreign policy, "Selective Engagement," emerging since the Cold War?s end. U.S. willingness to be involved abroad are based on whether such an effort is in the national interest, can be shared with a coalition, costs acceptable amounts of money and potential casualties, and will leave … [Read more...]

Turkey and Europe : Undivided But not United

TURKEY AND EUROPE: UNDIVIDED BUT NOT UNITED Volume 6, No. 2 - June 2002 TURKEY AND EUROPE: UNDIVIDED BUT NOT UNITED By Erkan Erdogdu This article presents Turkey-Europe relations starting with the 19th century up to the present day with a view to understanding the developments that shaped current EU policies toward Turkey. It also pays special attention to the Turkey-EU Customs Union Decision. After making an overall assessment, the author makes some … [Read more...]

VOL. 6 No. 2 - June 2002

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VOL. 6 No. 2 - June 2002 VOL. 6 No. 2 - June 2002 Editor and Publisher: Professor Barry RubinAssistant Editors: Cameron Brown, Elisheva Rosman-Stollman, Joy Pincus MERIA Journal Previous Issues TABLE OF CONTENTS Get the Acrobat Format of MERIA Cover Page   Post Author Title (regular version) Adobe Acrobat Version   1 Robert O. Freedman Putin and the Middle … [Read more...]

What are Iran’s Domestic Priorities?

  Volume 6, No. 2 - June 2002 WHAT ARE IRAN'S DOMESTIC PRIORITIES? By Michael Rubin Great optimism surrounded Muhammad Khatami?s election to the presidency of the Islamic Republic in 1997. Not only did Khatami have an unprecedented electoral mandate, but his presidency also coincided with a sharp rise in oil prices. Khatami had both the mandate and the means to improve the lives of ordinary Iranians. But, after five years, what is Khatami?s legacy? He has failed to implement a … [Read more...]

Iranian Nuclear Weapons Policy: Past, Present and Possible Future

  Volume 6, No. 2 - June 2002 IRANIAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS POLICY: PAST, PRESENT AND POSSIBLE FUTURE By Chris Quillen Iran has pursued nuclear weapons for over three decades. Throughout some of the most tumultuous times in its history the basic reasons for this quest have remained unchanged. Iran seeks nuclear weapons to defeat regional adversaries, to deter global power intervention, and to cement its leadership position within the Middle East. No matter who rules in Tehran these … [Read more...]

Putin and the Middle East

  Volume 6, No. 2 - June 2002 PUTIN AND THE MIDDLE EAST By Robert O. Freedman Since August 1999 when he became Russia?s prime minister and especially since January 2000 when he succeeded Boris Yeltsin as president, Vladimir Putin has strengthened his control at home while generally continuing the main lines of Russia?s post-Soviet foreign policy. This article examines his handling of relations with three key countries for Moscow: Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. One of the most striking … [Read more...]