September 11, 2020

Democratization in the Middle East

Volume 7, No. 1 - March 2003 DEMOCRATIZATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST: SOLUTION OR MIRAGE?  A GLORIA Center Roundtable Discussion      One of the most interesting new questions regarding the Middle East is whether a central issue on the region's agenda is going to be greater democracy and internal reforms involving such issues as human rights, civil liberties, more open economies, and other changes. On February 10, 2003, in conjunction with the U.S. State … [Read more...]

Israel’s 2003 Elections

ISRAEL'S 2003 ELECTIONS Volume 7, No. 1 - March 2003 ISRAEL'S 2003 ELECTIONS: A VICTORY FOR THE MODERATE RIGHT AND SECULAR CENTER By Cameron S. Brown This article analyzes the reasons for Prime Minister Ariel Sharon?¯?¿?½s re-election victory and considers what the vote represented in terms of the electorate?¯?¿?½s views on various current issues and the balances among political parties in Israel. The article also takes a brief look at the formation of the new … [Read more...]

State and Islamism in the Maghreb

STATE AND ISLAMISM IN THE MAGHREB Volume 7, No. 1 - March 2003 State and Islamism in THE Maghreb By Aziz Enhaili and Oumelkheir Adda Read this article in French Each of the three Maghreb states--Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco--dealt differently with internal Islamist movements. This study explains how these differences are derived from three factors: each state?¯?¿?½s distinctive political framework, historical context of formation, and development level of their own … [Read more...]

How Iraq Conceals and Obtains Its Weapons of Mass Destruction

How Iraq conceals and obtains its Weapons of Mass Destruction Volume 7, No. 1 - March 2003 How Iraq conceals and obtains its Weapons of Mass Destruction By Ibrahim al-Marashi After the 1991 Gulf War, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein conducted a systematic concealment operation to disrupt the mission of the UN Special Commission (UNSCOM), whose mandate was to eliminate Iraq?¯?¿?½s weapons of mass destruction (WMD). This article surveys and analyzes the different techniques used to … [Read more...]

The Making of Saddam’s Executioners: A Manual of Oppression by Procedures

Volume 7, No. 1 - March 2003 The Making of Saddam's Executioners: A Manual of Oppression by Procedures By Robert G. Rabil This article, based on official Iraqi documents,(1) examines the numerous procedures of oppression used by the Ba'thi regime of Saddam Hussein to rule Iraq. Planned by the regime's higher echelons and coordinated among state and party institutions, these procedures reveal how the regime sought to intimidate some citizens while turning others into accomplices. Since … [Read more...]

Searching for a Post-Saddam Regional Security Architecture

POST-SADDAM REGIONAL SECURITY ARCHITECTURE Volume 7, No. 1 - March 2003 SEARCHING FOR A POST-SADDAM REGIONAL SECURITY ARCHITECTURE By James A Russell There has been a great deal of discussion and controversy over U.S. policy toward Iraq and what that country?¯?¿?½s future might--or should--be. Yet one important neglected issue is how an altered Iraq might affect regional security in the Persian Gulf and in what ways a post-Saddam Gulf might be made more stable and secure. This … [Read more...]

The Arrival of Radio Farda: International Broadcasting to Iran at a Crossroads

THE ARRIVAL OF RADIO FARDA Volume 7, No. 1 - March 2003 The Arrival of Radio Farda: International Broadcasting to Iran at a Crossroads By Hansjoerg Biener On December 19, 2002, Radio Farda, the new U.S. external service in Persian, officially started regular broadcasts on shortwave, mediumwave and satellite. With the reformatting of existing services into a 24-hour news and entertainment channel, external broadcasting to Iran has recently received more attention. Iran, however, has … [Read more...]

Islamist Iran and Turkey, 1979-1989:???? State Pragmatism and Ideological Influences

By Unal Gundogan Many analysts expected that the Iranian Revolution of 1979 would severely deteriorate relations between Iran and Turkey because an Islamist Iran would never accept a Kemalist Turkey as a neighbor. During the first decade after the revolution, however, this did not happen due to Tehran�s appreciation of its own practical political interests over ideology. Iran needed Turkey to continue its war with Iraq; Turkey needed good relations with Iran for economic … [Read more...]