August 10, 2020

The Russia-Iran Nuclear Connection and U.S. Policy Options

Volume 8, No. 1 - March 2004 THE RUSSIA-IRAN NUCLEAR CONNECTION AND U.S. POLICY OPTIONS By Victor Mizin Russian involvement in Iran's nuclear program has long been one of the most controversial aspects of Moscow's Middle East policy. This article evaluates the nature of this cooperation, especially in regard to its effect on U.S.-Russian relations and options for having an effective non-proliferation strategy on this front.      On October 21, 2003, as part of a deal … [Read more...]

The Defeat of Turkish Hizballah as a Model for Counter-Terrorism Strategy

  Volume 8, No. 1 - March 2004 The Defeat of Turkish Hizballah as a Model for Counter-Terrorism Strategy By John T. Nugent, Jr.* This article analyzes the Turkish security forces' highly successful counter-terrorism operation against the radical Islamist group Turkish Hizballah (THB). Taking advantage of the cease-fire declared by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), the security forces focused their increased resources on an initial round of raids that netted … [Read more...]

Failing to Meet Expectations in Iraq: A Review of the Original U.S. Post-War Strategy

Volume 8, No. 1 - March 2004 FAILING TO MEET EXPECTATIONS IN IRAQ: A REVIEW OF THE ORIGINAL U.S. POST-WAR STRATEGY By Carlos L. Yordan The American-led Coalition's post-war efforts have become the subject of much controversy in Iraq and in the United States. This investigation argues that one explanation for increasing anger with these efforts stems from an overly optimistic post-war strategy that promised more than it could deliver. Overthrowing Saddam Hussein's regime was … [Read more...]

Between Europe and the Middle East: The Transformation of Turkish Policy

Volume 8, No. 1 - March 2004 BETWEEN EUROPE AND THE MIDDLE EAST:THE TRANSFORMATION OF TURKISH POLICY By Kemal Kirisci This article examines the drastic changes taking place in Turkey's domestic and foreign policy driven by prospects of EU membership. One of the most critical challenges for Turkish foreign policymakers will be how to handle problems coming out of the Middle East, especially regarding post-war Iraq. How Turkey responds to these challenges, as well as the policy Europe … [Read more...]

Judicial Review of Israeli Administrative Actions Against Terrorism: Temporary Deportation of Palestinians from the West Bank to Gaza

Volume 8, No. 1 - March 2004 JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ISRAELI ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS AGAINST TERRORISM: TEMPORARY DEPORTATION OF PALESTINIANS FROM THE WEST BANK TO GAZA By Kenneth Mann To discourage would-be Palestinian suicide bombers, the Israeli government initiated a policy of ordering family members of those involved in terrorism to move temporarily from the West Bank to the Gaza Strip. The legal case initiated by three deportees provides an interesting look into how a democratic society … [Read more...]

The Paradox of Anti-Americanism in Iran

Volume 8, No. 1 - March 2004 THE PARADOX OF ANTI-AMERICANISM IN IRAN By Patrick Clawson This article analyzes the roots of anti-American sentiment in Iran, considering the impact of Islamism, nationalism, Third Worldism, and nativism on Iranian ideology and rhetoric following the country's 1979 Revolution. In addition, the author looks at the extent to which this sentiment has reversed itself on the popular level over the past several years and why that has occurred. … [Read more...]

The Russians Are Going: Sadat, Nixon and the Soviet Presence in Egypt, 1970-1971

Volume 8, No. 1 - March 2004 THE RUSSIANS ARE GOING:SADAT, NIXON AND THE SOVIET PRESENCE IN EGYPT, 1970-1971 By Craig A. Daigle New evidence reveals that the United States was well aware of Sadat's intention to remove the Soviet military presence from Egypt and took steps over the summer of 1971 to ensure this end. We now know that President Nixon's decision to suspend the supply of aircrafts to Israel at the end of June and his decision to press for reopening the Suez Canal as part of … [Read more...]