July 24, 2020

REVOLUTIONARY SALAFI ISLAMISTS IN EGYPT: AN ANALYSIS AND GUIDE

While the ruling Muslim Brotherhood has received a great deal of attention in Egypt, the varied Salafi groups have been far less studied. At times allies and at times rivals of the Brotherhood, the Salafists are widely varied. Whether the two groups can cooperate will determine the future of Islamist rule in Egypt. The Salafists pull the Brotherhood to take stronger action more immediately and may have faith in the larger organization or consider it to have betrayed the revolution. Moreover, the … [Read more...]

WESTERN INFLUENCE ON ARAB MILITARIES: POUNDING SQUARE PEGS INTO ROUND HOLES

Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff greets the various commanding generals of U.S. Forces, Iraq in Baghdad on July 27, 2010. Mullen's final stop in Iraq wraps up the ten-day, around the world trip to meet with counterparts and troops engaged in the war on terrorism. DoD photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Chad J. McNeeley

This article is a personal account of U.S. Army Colonel Norvell DeAtkine’s experience in dealing with Arab militaries for over 40 years. Based on observation and study of Arab military establishments, he concludes little of significance has happened to change the deeply embedded character of the Arab military mindset. While there is some evidence that Arab soldiers historically performed better under European officers, there is no evidence that the Western tradition of command ethos outlived … [Read more...]

REFLECTIONS ON THE REVOLUTION IN EGYPT

barry-rubin

For Westerners, Egypt's revolution is seen as a wonderful development, a victory for democracy. Yet the enemies of America and the West view it is a defeat for the United States and the West, and as a step forward for anti-democratic revolutionary Islamism. It is possible that both sides could be right. Egypt may be both a democracy and no longer an ally of America or a source of regional stability. This might mean happiness for the Egyptians and problems for Western interests. Yet the success … [Read more...]

SYMBOLIC VICTIMS IN A SOCIALLY REGRESSING EGYPT: THE DECLINING SITUATION OF THE COPTS

  A CHRISTMAS “GIFT”[1] On January 6, 2010, at 11:30 p.m., gunshots were heard in Nag Hammadi, Egypt (a town situated 80 kilometers, or 50 miles, north of Luxor). The shooting was aimed at a group of Copts leaving church following the midnight Christmas Mass (which the Coptic Church celebrated on January 7, 2010, in accordance with the old Julian and Coptic calendars). Seven people were murdered, including a Muslim who happened to be in the vicinity. In addition, nine Copts … [Read more...]

To Perpetuate Their Dictatorships, Arab Rulers Resort to the Islamic Creed

  KORANIC INSPIRATION FOR THE MODERATE, ISLAMIST, AND JIHADIST The Koran often provides Muslims with contradictory inspirations on subjects of political or social relevance. On Muslim relations with Christians and Jews, for example, a moderate Muslim would focus on peaceful and tolerant verses such as 29:46: “Do not argue with the People of the Book [Christians and Jews] unless in a fair way.” Similar injunctions are found in, among others, 2:62, 2:136, 2:256, and the second … [Read more...]

The Talibanization of Education in Egypt

  Egypt once prided itself on being a tolerant, diverse state. While nearly the entire Jewish, Armenian, and Greek communities left in the 1950s, Egypt is still home to the largest Christian minority in the Arab world. Its Coptic community accounts for some 10 percent of the total population of 80 million.[1] The state resisted the Muslim Brotherhood’s attempt to overthrow what it considered a secular order. After the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981, it also fought an … [Read more...]

Dry Aquifers in Arab Countries and the Looming Food Crisis

    Volume 12, No. 3 - September 2008, Total Circulation 25,000 Article 7 of 8 DRY AQUIFERS IN ARAB COUNTRIES AND THE LOOMING FOOD CRISIS Elie Elhadj* As water volumes in Arab lands dwindle, as per capita income in the large and heavily populated non-oil producing states remains low and narrowly diversified, as high population growth rates persist, a food disaster will sooner or later strike. These … [Read more...]

Family Status Issues Among Egypt’s Copts: A Brief Overview

Middle East Review of International Affairs Published by the GLORIA Center, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya Volume 11, No. 3, Article 1/8 - September 2007 Total Circulation 25,000 FAMILY STATUS ISSUES AMONG EGYPT'S COPTS: A BRIEF OVERVIEW Adel Guindy* The following article discusses the impact of the Egyptian Family Status Law of 1955 (which is … [Read more...]

Comparing Three Muslims Brotherhoods: Syria,Jordan,Egypt

barry-rubin

The banner of the Islamist revolution in the Middle East today has largely passed to groups sponsored by or derived from the Muslim Brotherhood. This article develops an introductory examination of three key Muslim Brotherhood groups and compares their politics, interrelations, and methods. Each, of course, is adapted to the conditions of a particular country. The banner of the Islamist revolution in the Middle East today has largely passed to groups sponsored by or derived from the Muslim … [Read more...]

The Political Economy of the Egyptian-Israeli QIZ Trade Agreement

Published by the GLORIA Center,Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya Volume 11, No. 1, Article 11/11 - March 2007Total Circulation 23,500 THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF THE EGYPTIAN-ISRAELI QIZ TRADE AGREEMENTVikash Yadav* The Qualifying Industrial Zones (QIZ) Agreement signed in 2004 allows Egypt to gain non-reciprocal, duty-free access to U.S. markets for products containing at least 11.7 percent Egyptian and 11.7 percent Israeli components. This paper argues … [Read more...]