August 10, 2020

Algeria’s Terrifying but Unsurprising Agony

  Volume 2, No. 1 - March 1998 ALGERIA'S TERRIFYING BUT UNSURPRISING AGONY By Rami G. Khouri   We do not even know how many people have died in the last five years -- estimates of the dead range from 80,000 to over 120,000. However sad, Algeria today may be the logical, violent consequence of a land and people whose modern experience has been defined by a cumulative series of severe, almost cataclysmic, political disappointments and national denials. Algeria may be an … [Read more...]

Watersheds and Problemsheds: Explaining the Absence of Armed Conflict over Water in the Middle East

      WATERSHEDS AND PROBLEMSHEDS: EXPLAINING THE ABSENCE OF ARMED CONFLICT OVER WATER IN THE MIDDLE EAST* By Tony Allan   Analysis based on watersheds has led to the misleading conclusion that water deficits will be the cause of major armed conflict in the Middle East. Yet water has not been even a minor element in a regional conflict scenario for over a quarter of a century. Nevertheless, those suffering from water paranoia have cause for their concern. In the past … [Read more...]

Crossing the Rubicon?: Iraq and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process

  Volume 2, No. 1 - March 1998 CROSSING THE RUBICON?: IRAQ AND THE ARAB-ISRAELI PEACE PROCESS By Ofra Bengio   Such reasoning sounds fanciful, but the question of Iraq's stand on the Arab-Israeli peace process is both intriguing and more complex than it might seem. Given the crisis involving Iraq, examining this issue becomes even more interesting. Since the Kuwait war ended in 1991, Baghdad was perceived as sending ambiguous signals regarding its stance on the issue. Thus, … [Read more...]

After Arafat: Succession and Stability in Palestinian Politics


  Volume 2, No. 1 - March 1998 AFTER ARAFAT: SUCCESSION AND STABILITY IN PALESTINIAN POLITICS By Barry Rubin   Since Arafat refuses to allow one, there is no number-two Palestinian leader. And there is certainly no natural successor to him either. Long before Arafat's health became controversial, the West Bank's most popular joke showed how determined he was to have no understudy. Since Arafat was building a five-story house, the story went, he told lieutenants they could … [Read more...]

Iranian Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons: Implications and Responses

  Volume 2, No. 1 - March 1998 IRANIAN NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS: IMPLICATIONS AND RESPONSES* By W. Seth Carus   Iran is said to possess chemical and biological weapons, and the means to deliver them, and is reportedly working to acquire nuclear weapons. Given the enmity that exists between the United States and Iran, and the possibility that military hostilities could erupt between the two countries, these Iranian weapons programs are a source of serious … [Read more...]

The Peace Process and Political Violence

  Volume 2, No. 1 - March 1998 THE PEACE PROCESS AND POLITICAL VIOLENCE By Khalil Shikaki   This research provides a basis for discussing the impact of violence in the peace process, the impact of the peace process on violence, and Palestinian public opinion on such matters. Since security in this process has been of paramount importance to the Israeli side, Palestinians have also focused on security. Most of the attention of the Palestinian Authority (PA) has been, in … [Read more...]

Is There Still a Lebanon?

  Volume 2, No. 1 - March 1998 IS THERE STILL A LEBANON?* By Habib C. Malik   To understand the nuances of today's Lebanon means looking critically at several key issues, including the Syrian occupation, civil society, and the religious communities. From this we can draw conclusions about the future and about U.S. policy. SYRIAN OCCUPATION The Syrians entered Lebanon militarily in 1976 and have not yet left. Their close to 40,000 regular soldiers along with a larger, … [Read more...]