September 11, 2020

Chinese Arms Exports to Iran

      Volume 2, No. 2 - May 1998 CHINESE ARMS EXPORTS TO IRAN By Bates Gill Chinese arms exports to Iran have caused considerable concern within the international community, particularly for the United States. In conjunction with the U.S.-China summit of October 1997, China apparently took a number of steps to curtail sensitive transfers to Iran as part of a broader, more positive trend in Chinese nonproliferation policy. But numerous concerns persist that China continues … [Read more...]

Strategic Partnership Between Israel and India

  Volume 2, No. 2 - May 1998 STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN ISRAEL AND INDIA By P.R.Kumaraswamy Indian Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao's January 1992 decision to establish full diplomatic relations with Israel was partly influenced by potential security cooperation. The threats facing India and Israel are different but the rationales behind their arms modernization, buildup, or exports are similar. Without outside help India's key defense projects would incur cost and time … [Read more...]

Appearance and Reality: Syria’s Decisionmaking Structure

      Volume 2, No. 2 - May 1998 APPEARANCE AND REALITY: SYRIA'S DECISIONMAKING STRUCTURE* By Eyal Zisser Shortly after the signing of the Oslo accords was announced, President Hafiz al-Asad advised Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasir Arafat to take more care of his personal safety. Asad immediately added that he did not wish to insinuate that Arafat might be assassinated, and he added that he himself was against political assassinations. But he said Arafat … [Read more...]

Essay: Role Reversal over Partition: 1948 and 1998

    Essay: ROLE REVERSAL OVER PARTITION: 1948 AND 1998 By Naomi Weinberger Over fifty years have elapsed since the UN General Assembly passed the Partition Resolution of November 29, 1947. The resolution called for the division of Palestine, governed by the British mandate since 1920, into a Jewish and an Arab state. Yet despite many subsequent wars, the basic issue that faced the UN in 1947 is still unresolved. The momentous decision still confronting Jews and Arabs in 1997 is … [Read more...]

Islamic Radicalism in the Middle East: A Survey & Balance Sheet


  Volume 2, No. 1 - May 1998 ISLAMIC RADICALISM IN THE MIDDLE EAST: A SURVEY & BALANCE SHEET By Barry Rubin Almost 20 years after 1979 Iran's Islamic revolution, radical fundamentalist forces in the Middle East have achieved two great victories and suffered two major defeats. These four factors give a clear sense of these movements'--and thus also the region's-- present and future situation. The first great victory is that the Iranian regime has survived and continues to have … [Read more...]

Why Radical Muslims Aren’t Taking over Governments

  Volume 2, No. 2 - May 1998 WHY RADICAL MUSLIMS AREN'T TAKING OVER GOVERNMENTS* By Emmanuel Sivan Twenty-odd years after its rise to prominence, radical Islam (or Islamism) is at bay. Its mixed record includes survival in the teeth of state repression, some impact on political decisionmaking, socio-cultural hegemony, but a general failure in the attempt to take power. This predicament of radical movements holds true particularly in the Arab-speaking world those ancient countries … [Read more...]

Russia and the Middle East: The Primakov Era

By Dr. Robert O. Freedman When he became Russia's foreign minister in January 1996, Yevgeny Primakov, an old Soviet Middle East specialist, was expected to put his personal imprint on Russian policy toward the Middle East, as well as do a better job in coordinating Russian foreign policy than his predecessor, Andrei Kozyrev. After more than two years in office, Primakov has clearly encountered many of the same problems of coordination Kozyrev faced. His policy in the Middle East has closely … [Read more...]