October 30, 2020

Essential Friends and Natural Enemies: The Historics Roots of Turkish-Iranian Relations

THE HISTORIC ROOTS OF TURKISH-IRANIAN RELATIONS Volume 7, No. 3 - September 2003 ESSENTIAL FRIENDS AND NATURAL ENEMIES: THE HISTORIC ROOTS OF TURKISH-IRANIAN RELATIONS By Gokhan Cetinsaya This article outlines Turkish-Iranian relations since the early 1820s from the viewpoint of the Turkish political and military elite.  The author argues that Turkish-Iranian relations have basically been determined by historical, geographic, strategic and cultural dimensions rather … [Read more...]

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Cyberdissident: The Internet in Revolutionary Iran

THE INTERNET IN REVOLUTIONARY IRAN Volume 7, No. 3 - September 2003 CYBERDISSENT: THE INTERNET IN REVOLUTIONARY IRAN By Babak Rahimi This paper argues that the internet, as an advancing new means of communication, has played an important role in the ongoing struggle for democracy in Iran. While outlining its history in Iran amidst an ambiguous state response to its rapid development since 1993, the paper also attempts to show how the internet has opened a new virtual space … [Read more...]

Promoting Economic Liberalization in Egypt: From U.S. Foreign Aid to Trade and Investment

PROMOTING ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION IN EGYPT Volume 7, No. 3 - September 2003 PROMOTING ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION IN EGYPT: FROM U.S. FOREIGN AID TO TRADE AND INVESTMENT By Bessma Momani In the early to mid-1980s, the United States became frustrated that its financial assistance was being wasted by EgyptĂ?ÂŻĂ?ÂżĂ?½s inefficient, statist economy and wanted the Egyptian government to pursue economic liberalization. At the same time, the United States, observed that its foreign … [Read more...]

Israel’s Entry into Cyprus, 1959-1963: Diplomacy and Strategy in the Eastern Mediterranean

ISRAEL'S ENTRY INTO CYPRUS, 1959 - 1963 Volume 7, No. 3 - September 2003 ISRAEL'S ENTRY INTO CYPRUS, 1959 - 1963: DIPLOMACY AND STRATEGY IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN By Zach Levey Israel's establishment of relations with Cyprus in 1960 marked the successful culmination of the diplomatic campaign that it had commenced in early 1959. The entry into Cyprus deepened Israel's strategic cooperation with Turkey, ameliorated the regional isolation from which the Jewish state had … [Read more...]

Bean Counting in Baghdad: Debt, Reparations, Reconstruction, and Resources

BEAN COUNTING IN BAGHDAD Volume 7, No. 3 - September 2003 BEAN COUNTING IN BAGHDAD: DEBT, REPARATIONS, RECONSTRUCTION, AND RESOURCES By Robert Looney The Iraqi economy is in complete shambles.  Even worse, the population is burdened with up to $400 billion in debt, reparations and contractual commitments made under Saddam HusseinĂ?ÂŻĂ?ÂżĂ?½s regime. This article examines the fiscal challenges facing the country over the next decade. Given likely oil revenues, it … [Read more...]

The Cold War’s Longest Cover-Up: How and Why the USSR Instigated the 1967 War

THE COLD WAR'S LONGEST COVER-UP Volume 7, No. 3 - September 2003 THE COLD WAR'S LONGEST COVER-UP: HOW AND WHY THE USSR INSTIGATED THE 1967 WAR By Isabella Ginor The Soviet warning to Egypt about supposed Israeli troop concentrations on the Syrian border in May 1967 has long been considered a blunder that precipitated a war which the USSR neither desired nor expected. New evidence from Soviet and other Warsaw Pact documents, as well as memoirs of contemporary actors, … [Read more...]

A Difficult Inheritance: Moroccan Society Under king Muhammad VI

A Difficult Inheritance Volume 7, No. 3 - September 2003 A Difficult Inheritance:  Moroccan Society under King Muhammad VI By Michael M. Laskier This article addresses King Hasan II's legacy and the central problems facing his son and successor, Muhammad VI. These problems include the need for reform in human rights and democracy, the Islamist challenge, the role of women, and the Berber awakening. While Morocco has begun making key reforms over the past decade to … [Read more...]